A safe clinically studied cognitive enhancer used for decades worldwide, by biohackers and life enthusiasts. While it shares some of other cognitive enhancers effects on the brain it has two main unique advantages it does not have:
1. Being fat soluble, it has better penetration into the brain through the blood brain barrier.
2. Is a potent agonist of the brain’s Glutamate AMPA receptors at unique sub-receptor sites other racetams do not.
AMPA receptor research is considered an exciting development in studying and enhancing cognition. Such compounds that effect AMPA receptors are called Ampakines. The USA's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has been actively researching ampakines for military use as a mental performance enhancer.*
Is a clinically studied broad range cognitive enhancer researched and used especially in Europe for supporting cognitive health and may provide some benefit with emotional health.*
May improve cognition, learning, and memory by stimulating the neuro chemical glutamate receptors which decline in function with age or drug use*
A positive allosteric modulator of AMPA Glutamate receptors it enhances glutamatergic neurotransmission, long term potentiation, synaptic transmission, neurotrophin expression, and impulsivity.
May improve memory, mood, & motivation by stimulating the nicotine receptors in the brain.*
Potentates alpha 4 beta 2-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptors it facilitates dual dopaminergic/serotonergic transmission.
May elevate memory consolidation by positively effecting known neurochemicals involved in memory.*
Regulates calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMKII)
May reduce stress levels by balancing activity of receptors involved in stress.*
Modulates Serotonin 5-HT2A receptors and Dopamine D2 receptors.
May increase mental alertness and energy by improving cerebral glucose metabolism.*
1-4 capsules taken daily or as needed.
*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.